Sorghum represents 3% of the global cereals production and is the 5th cereal produced globally. The area and production have been stable area since the early 2000s with 42 mio. Ha and 60 mio. T. The demand is also stable, although there has been recently a sharp increase in certain countries such as China, who used to be a main outlet for US produced Sorghum. 50% of the global production is meant for food use (especially in Africa and South Asia), 45% feed (mostly in developed countries) and the rest is used for bioenergy (in particular in Germany).
The trade of sorghum has doubled over the last 10 years, with increase in demand for feed use from countries such as China. The EU production is only 0.7 mio. T, mainly France and Italy. Italy and Spain are the largest users, with imports from third countries like Ukraine and Russia and more recently from Sudan.
The EU platform Sorghum ID was established in 2017 with the objective of fostering a virtuous circle to encourage farmers both in the EU and European neighboring countries (Ukraine, Russia) to develop their production of sorghum and promote consumption via active communication on nutritional values. Several research projects are going on to better characterize the nutritional value of sorghum and variability across EU countries and evaluate better the nutritional value for poultry. FEFAC holds vice chair of Sorghum ID and is supportive of investment in research on new varieties with higher yields and nutritional quality. All presentations of the Sorghum congress will be available on the Sorghum ID website.